this traditional carbon fiber long bow style weapon was the bow Oliver was trained on and had carried with him on his return to Starling City, where it is used briefly to fight against Malcolm Merlyn when his recurve bow is destroyed. Oliver also had this bow with him on the island in "City of Heroes".
The bow is Yao Fei's main weapon and is frequently used by him on the island flashbacks, as a way of defending and attacking and also as a way for him to hunt and provide food for himself and for Oliver. After Yao Fei's capture and Shado's rescue, the bow is then brought to Oliver, so he can assist in Yao Fei's rescue. Shado begins training Oliver on how to shoot and she proves to be like her father an expert archer, much like her father, however Oliver struggles. Later on, Oliver shows more interest in the bow, and Slade realizes that Oliver is not able to draw the weight of the bow. Shado takes it upon herself to strengthen Oliver by making him slap water, and by the end of it, he is easily able to draw the bow and eventually used it to kill Edward Fyers in "Sacrifice". After Yao Fei's death, Shado is the bow's main user.
The Hood's Traditional Recurve Bow Edit
Oliver's primary weapon in Season 1 was an oddly short recurve bow, its origins unknown; speculation said it was made by him or one of his companions while on the island, but its unclear where exactly it came from. It features standard recurve limbs and a riser that has a metal enclosure for the hand. This could possibly be for increased damage when hitting targets with his bow hand. Its design is short for a man of his size. Oliver has used this bow to great effect but it met its end in "Darkness on the Edge of Town", when it was destroyed by Malcolm Merlyn.
The Arrow's Oneida Kestrel Compound Bow Edit
The Arrow's third bow is a customized Oneida Kestrel compound bow, which Felicity had custom made, knowing that Oliver would need a new one for his crusade. It features lever style limbs meaning it uses compound cams to provide power but transfers this power to its recurved limbs, the resulting bow makes for a great looking weapon as well as a very functional one in a small "43" size. The bow itself has a 50-70 lbs draw weight and has a weight of 4.5 lbs, perfect for his fighting style, and can also be used as a blunt tool. When Oliver first handles the bow he states that "it's perfect".
According to police reports in Starling City that were mentioned by Barry Allen in "The Scientist", The Arrow uses carbon arrows, which have less penetration than would switching to an aluminum-carbon composite, possibly due to his stance against killing again.